In India, allegations have been received concerning the failure to ensure free, prior, and informed consent in the states of Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Telangana in the context of logging, mining. and conservation projects affecting Adivasi lands and resources. In August 2017, 10 people—7 of them women—were arrested. They were conducting a peaceful demonstration against the eviction of 40,000 families—including Adivasi communities—resulting from construction of the mega project Sardar Sarovar Dam in the Narmada river valley.
In northeast India, concerns have been raised in the context of Adivasis who have been attacked, stigmatized for alleged association with Maoist Naxalites, and prosecuted under security legislation, including in the states of Chhattisgarh and Telangana.