Report Findings

Brazil is by far the most dangerous country in the world for indigenous human rights defenders. During the Special Rapporteur’s country visit to Brazil in 2016, community members in Mato Grosso do Sul showed her bullet wounds on their bodies and the graves of murdered family members. They also recounted incidents of arbitrary arrests, torture, and criminalization of their leaders. Both government and civil society organizations working with Indigenous Peoples provided her with disturbing accounts of a regular pattern of threats and intimidation by state and private actors. Impunity is pervasive in relation to attacks, killings, and intimidation of Indigenous Peoples. Such violence frequently arises in contexts where Indigenous Peoples attempt to assert their rights over their lands and goes hand in hand with the criminalization of indigenous leaders.



Aty Guaso Kaiowa E Guarani


Inaye Gomes Lopes

Notable Quotes

7:39: “The rates of criminalization are high. There are a lot of people dying in Brasil. Well, not dying, they are being killed. These are two very different things: dying and being killed. And, this is happening quite often in Mato Grosso, in the south, near the border with Paraguay. It’s happening in many places, you’ve heard of what’s happened in Rio de Janeiro. So, nowadays, shooting and killing leaders is something that has become very common.”

© 2018 by the Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI), a global coalition of 15 Partners, 7 Affiliated Networks, 14 International Fellows, and more than 150 collaborating international, regional, and community organizations dedicated to advancing the forestland and resource rights of Indigenous Peoples and local communities. The views presented on this site are not necessarily shared by the agencies that have generously supported this work, nor by all the Partners and Affiliated Networks of the Coalition. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0. View our privacy policy,


© 2018 por la Iniciativa para los derechos y recursos (Rights and Resources Initiative, o RRI por sus siglas en inglés). RRI es una coalición mundial de 15 socios principales, 7 redes afiliadas, 14 miembros internacionales y más de 150 organizaciones colaboradoras a nivel internacional, regional y comunitario, que se dedica a
fomentar los derechos de los pueblos indígenas y las comunidades locales sobre la tierra y los recursos forestales. Los puntos de vista presentados aquí no necesariamente los comparten los organismos que generosamente patrocinaron el presente trabajo o todos los socios y redes afiliadas de la coalición RRI. Este trabajo es bajo Creative Commons License Atribución Creativa CC BY 4.0.