They should have known better.
Threats. Violence. Criminalization. Murder.
Governments and corporations around the world are making it increasingly difficult—and deadly—for Indigenous Peoples and local communities to protect lands and forests.
A UN EXPERT IS RAISING THE ALARM.
(FOOTAGE: If Not Us Then Who?)
A Letter from the UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
A global crisis is unfolding. The rapid expansion of development projects on indigenous lands without their consent is driving a drastic increase in violence and legal harassment against Indigenous Peoples.
I’ve been alerted to hundreds of cases of “criminalization” from nearly every corner of the world. These attacks—whether physical or legal—are an attempt to silence Indigenous Peoples voicing their opposition to projects that threaten their livelihoods and cultures.
My new report finds a pattern of abuse, with the private sector often colluding with governments to force Indigenous Peoples from their lands by whatever means necessary to make way for infrastructure, agriculture, mining, and extractive projects.
According to Front Line Defenders, 67 percent of the 312 human rights defenders murdered in 2017 were defending their lands, the environment, or indigenous rights, nearly always in the context of private sector projects. Around 80 percent of killings took place in just four countries: Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, and the Philippines.
These murders nearly always occur in the context of ongoing threats against entire communities. The first step is typically smear campaigns and hate speech that paint Indigenous Peoples as “obstacles to development”—or in the worst cases, terrorists or thugs.
Then come arrest warrants on trumped-up charges, which are sometimes deliberately left hanging so that communities live under perpetual threat. When indigenous leaders are arrested, they often sit in jail for years awaiting trial. In many of the worst cases, militarism, anti-terrorist legislation, and “states of emergency” are used to justify escalating physical violence.
I myself was put on a list of terrorists by the Philippines government in retaliation for advocating for the Indigenous Peoples in Mindanao, many of whom have been displaced by growing militarization. Although the case against me has been dismissed, there are still many others on the list who have been falsely accused and whose safety and security are under threat, including long-time indigenous advocate Joan Carling.
At the same time that justice systems are wielded as weapons against Indigenous Peoples defending their rights, there is widespread impunity for those who commit violence against Indigenous Peoples.
At the root of this global crisis is systematic racism and the failure of governments to recognize and respect indigenous land rights. Indigenous Peoples and local communities customarily own more than 50 percent of the world’s land but only have legally recognized rights to 10 percent. This enables governments to declare them “illegal” on the lands they have lived on and protected for generations.
In spite of incredible risks, Indigenous Peoples continue to speak out. They continue to defend their ways of life, their communities, and the lands and forests all humanity depends on.
It is time for world leaders to listen. They should have known better.
UN Special Rapporteur on the
Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Violations Across the World
This map contains only references to countries for which cases were received or featured in the Special Rapporteur’s UN report, or received by RRI during the compilation of this website, and in no way represents all the countries in the world where violations of Indigenous Peoples’ rights are taking place. To contribute to this list, please contact .
Filmmaker for If Not Us Then Who?
In March 2018, UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Victoria Tauli-Corpuz brought together indigenous representatives from around the world to hear testimony on the violence and legal prosecution they face for defending their lands.
Watch this 5-minute video to hear testimonies from Guatemala, Kenya, Malaysia, and many more communities.
PHOTO: The Alliance of Indigenous Peoples of the Archipelago (AMAN)
Executive Director, Front Line Defenders
We have documented 821 human rights defenders who have been killed in the last 4 years. Seventy-nine percent of this total came from six countries: Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico and the Philippines. The vast majority of these cases have never been properly investigated, and few of the perpetrators of the killings, have been brought to justice.
In Their Own Words
How can I support indigenous rights defenders?
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Learn more about how Indigenous Peoples, local communities, and rural women are protecting our planet's remaining forests and fighting climate change, despite grave risks to their lives and wellbeing.
Visit the press room to read our press release and contact us to set up interviews with spokespeople representing indigenous communities.
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At the same time that justice systems are wielded as weapons against Indigenous Peoples defending their rights, there is widespread impunity for those who commit violence against Indigenous Peoples. At the root of this global crisis is systematic racism and the failure of governments to recognize and respect indigenous land rights.
UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
(FOOTAGE: If Not Us Then Who?)